By Harry Gelber
The ‘battle for Beijing’ is universally – and rather wrongly – believed to were approximately opium. This booklet argues that it was once approximately freedom to alternate, Britain’s calls for for diplomatic equality, and French calls for for non secular freedom in China. either nations agreed that their armies, which time and again prevailed over chinese language ones that have been numerically stronger, may remain out of Beijing itself, yet have been infuriated by way of China’s imprisonment, torture and loss of life of British, French and Indian negotiators. while, the British and French additionally helped the empire to conflict rebels and to pocket port and harbour dues. They instructed conscientiously among their political and buying and selling calls for, and navigated the risk that undue rigidity could make China’s fragile govt and empire collapse. If it did, there will be not anyone to make any form of contract with; a lot of East Asia will be in chaos and Russian energy could quickly expand.
Battle for Beijing, 1858–1860 offers clean insights into the explanations in the back of the activities and techniques of British experts, either at domestic and in China, and the British and French army commanders. It is going opposed to the generally permitted perspectives surrounding the Franco-British clash, featuring a daring new argument and perspective.
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Battle for Beijing, 1858–1860: Franco-British Conflict in China by Harry Gelber